Caste system and its impact in present Society
Fastest News Nepal , Bhadra-12 – Caste is a type of social stratification marked by endogamy, or the hereditary transfer of a lifestyle, which commonly manifests as vocation, social rank, and exclusion. The Nepalese caste system is the country’s historic social stratification structure. In a hierarchical society, caste can be defined as a tiny designated group of people characterized by endogamy, hereditary membership, and a certain way of life that occasionally involves the pursuit of a specific occupation by tradition and is usually coupled with a more or less distinct ritual.
(Beteille, 1965, p. 46), the caste system, according to Berreman (1967:p. 70), is a system of birth ascribes stratification of socio-culture pluralism and hierarchical interaction. Caste, according to Singha (1967:p. 94), is a hierarchical system of endogamous groups arranged in a hereditary division of labor.
Nepalese people are classified into castes based on their ethnicity. It has an impact on their family life, diet, clothing, profession, and culture. In essence, it shapes their way of life. Prior to the introduction of Indians and their culture in Nepal, the caste system, which is the foundation of feudalistic economic structures with individual ownership systems, did not exist. The traditional and orthodox Indian caste system has had an impact and influence on the Nepalese caste system.
The caste system is organized into four categories: Brahman (priests and scholars), kshatriya (warriors), visa (merchants and traders), and sudra (non-priests and academics) (labors). The membership in this system is both inherited and permanent. Inter-caste marriage is nearly impossible since it is a social embarrassment, especially when it occurs between two castes with opposing obligations and expectations. It also dictates who has access to property, who has political power, and who has control over human labor. Violations of the regulations may result in sanctions such as a social boycott. Untouchability developed later, despite the fact that classes were based on diverse profession.
The caste system was introduced as a distinctive form of division of labor in Hindu society at the outset. By passing down vocational skills from generation to generation, the caste system favors skilled labor. As a result, growth has been realized while maintaining the continuity of professions and crafts.
In a cool and balanced mind without emotions, the concept of caste system should be understood. Krishna spoke of caste in (The Bhagavad Gita 43), which said the caste is based on characteristics and action. There’s no higher or lower caste like that. Their properties and talent were classified. People who preached spiritual knowledge called brahmins, people who had courage and physical strength to protect and to administer were called shatriyas, people responsible for the business, etc. There are numerous examples that demonstrate that there is no greater or lower caste. Ravana was a Brahmin who became a demon as a result of his immoral actions. Rama was a kshatriya, yet he was also revered by Brahmins for his good deeds. Vidura was a shudra, but he was revered for his wisdom.
As a result, I learned that there is no distinction between upper and lower castes at the outset. The goal of instituting the caste system is to classify people based on their assets and abilities. The caste system can also be evident in terms of employment opportunities. This form of caste is advantageous to both the state and the citizens for several reasons. For starters, there will be no unemployment in the country. All citizens will serve the country, and when castes are divided based on their assets and talents, citizens will serve the country more effectively. In terms of management, it is the notion of putting the right person in the right place that would strengthen the country.
In today’s world, the system that was once useful to a country has become one of the most serious social issues. Caste prejudice is still practiced in today’s world. On a hierarchical scale, the caste system is now divided into four divisions. The upper castes oppress and discriminate against the lower castes. Following the government’s recognition of the problem with the caste system, a law has been passed to eradicate caste-based discrimination in Nepal. However, caste-based inequality continues to exist throughout society. Many folks are still dealing with the issue.
Many higher caste people are doing the jobs of lower caste people due to unemployment, and today’s tailors will be Damahi, drivers will be Vishwakarma, gold smiths will be Sunars, iron smiths will be Kamis, and so on. Higher caste people perform lower caste people’s jobs while also dominating lower caste individuals.
In 2017, 2018, 2019 the unemployment rate was 2.97%, 2.90%, 2.85%. It signifies that many people are still unemployed and looking for work. Even though they are competent for the position, they are not hired. People attended several training institutes in order to gain practical experience and gain practical knowledge. Assume that there is no caste prejudice and that all castes are treated equally and with respect. People will not be embarrassed to work in low-caste jobs. And when people have a family job or a traditional job, they can learn things more easily because it is their family’s job. For example, if a person is from Dakarmi background and studies civil engineering, he will be a good engineer because he has both theoretical and practical knowledge, and he should not have to look for an institution to study it.
Finally, I would like to state that the goal of introducing the caste system into society was to properly regulate the community, but as time went on, some people in positions of authority turned the horizontal structure of the caste system into a vertical one for their own profit. One of the greatest social problems in today’s society is the system that has good intentions toward society. It could be the country’s greatest success if the caste system is reformed from a vertical to a horizontal framework. As a result, the employment problem may be handled to some extent, and there will be no discrimination based on caste. People will treat all castes and their labor with equal respect. As a result, no one will be hesitant to do any type of labor. If this occurs, we will be able to glimpse the country’s new face.